There are numerous archipelagos that make up Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz.
Fernando de Noronha is located around 354 km offshore from the Brazilian coast. Consisting of 21 islands, islets and rocks of volcanic origin, the main island has an area of 18 km². The main island, from which the group gets its name, makes up 91% of the total area; the islands of Rata, Sela Gineta, Cabeluda and São Jose, together with the islets of Leão and Viúva make up the rest.
The life above and below sea is the main attraction of Fernando de Noronha. Sea tortoises, dolphins, albatrosses and many other species are frequently observed. Thanks to the deep clear water surrounding the island, Fernando de Noronha is a great location for scuba diving. Warm water and exuberant subaquatic fauna and flora can be found during dives from 25 to 40 m deep.
Cruise Season – Jan - Dec
Currency – Real (R$) (BRL)
Language – Portuguese
Land Area – 8,514,877 km² (Brazil)
Population – 196,342,600 approx (Brazil)
Electricity – 2 perpendicular flat pins USA style
Time – GMT minus three hours
International Country Telephone Code – + 55
Port Location – Among the main ports in Brazil are Rio de Janeiro, Vitoria, Fortaleza, Salvador, and Sao Paulo.
Transport Links - The largest international airport in Brazil is São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport with connections to most of the capital cities in South America and major cities in the USA such as Chicago, Miami and Houston. Besides that, it also has connections to major cities in Europe, with Seoul (by Korean Air) and Dubai (by Emirates) the only connections in Asia.
The second largest airport in Brazil is Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airportthe home of Gol Transportes Aéreos, which flies to many regional destinations including Montevideo, Buenos Aires and Asuncion. United Airlines also flies to Washington D.C.
Long-distance bus service connects Brazil to its neighboring countries. The main capitals linked directly by bus are Buenos Aires, Asunción, Montevideo, Santiago de Chile, and Lima. Direct connections from the first three can also be found easily, but from Lima it might be tricky, though easily accomplished by changing at one of the others. Those typically go to São Paulo, though Pelotas has good connections too.
Amazon river boats connect northern Brazil with Peru, Venezuela and Colombia. The ride is a gruelling 12 days upriver though. From French Guiana, you can cross the river Oyapoque, which takes about 15 minutes.